MESHULLAM BEN MOSES


MESHULLAM BEN MOSES
MESHULLAM BEN MOSES (c. 1175–c. 1250), scholar of Béziers and one of the most prominent scholars of Provence in the 13th century. Meshullam, born in Lunel into one of the distinguished families of Provençal Jewry, went to Béziers with his father, Moses b. Judah, one of the leaders of the community and friend of Abraham b. David of Posquières and zerahiah ha-levi gerondi . Meshullam's maternal grandfather was meshullam b. jacob of lunel . His sister's son was Meir b. Simeon ha-Me'ili of Narbonne, author of Ha-Me'orot. Among Meshullam's grandsons were the renowned 14th-century talmudists and scholars of the lattes family. Meshullam typifies the remarkable Provençal blending of Torah and general culture. He is known to have taken a definite stand against the new trend favoring the study of Kabbalah, then making inroads among the Jews of Provence, and supported his sister's son, Meir, in his opposition to the sefer ha-bahir . Meshullam was highly regarded in France and Spain, and even Naḥmanides , when he complained to Meshullam of the baseless aspersions emanating from Béziers against the family of jonah gerondi , couched his remarks in highly respectful terms (Kitvei ha-Ramban, ed. by C.B. Chavel (1963), 360–4). There is a reference to correspondence between them in Naḥmanides' novellae to the tractate Eruvin (still in manuscripts). jedaiah ha-Penini, who studied in Meshullam's yeshivah at the age of 15, has left an account of his master's eminence and wisdom, along with a very detailed and impressive description of the program of study in the yeshivah which closed with Meshullam's death. Meshullam is chiefly renowned for his Sefer ha-Hashlamah, designed to complete the halakhot of isaac alfasi , explaining its difficult passages, adding halakhot that do not appear in it, updating it with the Provençal tradition of scholarship, and dealing with criticisms of the work, including those of Zerahiah ha-Levi Gerondi in his Ha-Ma'or – all this in order to give it uncontested authority. Indeed, menahem meiri , who wrote more than 50 years later, refers to Alfasi in the same breath as the Sefer ha-Hashlamah, thus showing it to be the standard version of Alfasi in his locality (see introduction to Meiri's commentary on Avot ed. by B.Z. Prag, 1964). Meshullam based his work chiefly upon the teachings of the earlier scholars of Provence, and shows especially high regard for Abraham b. David of Posquières, though he does not hesitate to disagree with him on occasion. Publication of Sefer ha-Hashlamah was begun during the last century and the greater part of it, comprising the orders Mo'ed and Nezikin, and the tractate Ḥullin, has already appeared. Those chiefly responsible for its publication were judah lubetzky – Nezikin (Paris, 1885–87; Warsaw, 1907), with an extensive commentary, Torat ha-Hashlamah; Moses Herschler in the series Ginzei Rishonim (1962– ); and Abraham Haputa, who also added an extensive commentary, Reshit ha-Hashlamah (1961– ). The Sefer ha-Hashlamah Yevamot was published in the Vilna (Romm) edition of the Talmud under the title Tosafot Ḥad mi-Kamai. Some of Meshullam's hassagot on Maimonides to Shabbat, Eruvin, and Shevu'ot (in J. Lubetzky, Bidkei Battim, 1896), show he was apparently unaware of Abraham b. David's hassagot on Maimonides. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Meshullam b. Moses of Béziers, Sefer ha-Hashlamah le-Seder Nezikin, ed. by J. Lubetsky, 1 (1885), introd.; idem, Bidkei Battim (1896); Neubauer, in REJ, 20 (1890), 244–8; I. Twersky, Rabad of Posquières (1965), 252f. (Israel Moses Ta-Shma)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MESHULLAM BEN JACOB OF LUNEL — (12th century), Provençal scholar. A master of halakhah, Meshullam also occupied himself with secular studies. He was a wealthy man and philanthropist, and together with his sons provided for the support and maintenance of the disciples and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MESHULLAM BEN NATHAN OF MELUN — (12th century), talmudist in northern France. Meshullam was born in Narbonne, where he eventually became a member of the bet din of abraham b. isaac of narbonne . From there he went to head the community of Melun. Meshullam became involved in a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MESHULLAM BEN KALONYMUS — (10th–11th century), rabbi and paytan. Born into a rabbinical family from lucca , his grandfather was R. Moses the Elder who was taught by Abu Aaron the secrets of the Kabbalah. Meshullam s father (see kalonymus family) was a well known talmudic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALDUBI, ABRAHAM BEN MOSES BEN ISMAIL — (14th century), Spanish talmudist. Aldubi studied under solomon b. abraham adret and was the teacher of jeroham b. meshullam . The whole of his Seder Avodah bi Keẓarah, dealing with the Day of Atonement service in the Temple, was incorporated by… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ORNSTEIN, JACOB MESHULLAM BEN MORDECAI ZE'EV — (1775–1839), Galician rabbi and halakhist, son of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤAKIM, SAMUEL BEN MOSES HA-LEVI IBN — (?1480–after 1547), rabbi in egypt and turkey . Samuel came from a distinguished family of Spanish origin which had settled in Egypt. His father, Moses, was a personal friend of the governor of Egypt and, when difficulties arose, intervened on… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ORNSTEIN, MORDECAI ZE'EV BEN MOSES — (d. 1787), Polish rabbi and kabbalist. His father, Moses b. Joske (d. 1764), known as Rabbi Moses b. Rabbi Joskes, was a member of the community council of Zolkiew. Previously rabbi of Satinov, Kamenka, and Yampol, Podolia, Ornstein was appointed …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABUKARA, ABRAHAM BEN MOSES — (d. 1879), Tunisian rabbi. Abukara was probably the grandson of Abraham Abukara (d. 1817), one of the scholars of Tunis, who in 1803 signed a regulation introducing uniformity in various religious practices. A profound scholar, Abraham wrote a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DE (DA) PIERA, MESHULLAM BEN SOLOMON — (also called En Vidas de Gerona; first half of 13th century), Hebrew poet. Although Carmoly (in Ha Karmel, 7, 1868/69) derived the family name of De Piera, who lived in northern Spain and southern France, from the city Fère in Burgundy, according …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MESHULLAM PHOEBUS BEN ISRAEL SAMUEL — (1547–1617), Polish rabbi. Meshullam s exact birthplace is unknown. Before becoming av bet din in Cracow, he held a similar position in Brest Litovsk. It appears that in 1590, while in Brest Litovsk, he introduced regulations to prevent work… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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